"Business Insider":The Middle East can’t be fixed by American military solutions
Sunday 30/July/2017 - 10:48 AM
By Bonnie Kristia: The battle to oust the Islamic State from its last major stronghold in Iraq، the ancient city of Mosul، is finally won، but this is hardly the simple victory local parades and speechifying would suggest. After three years of ISIS occupation and months of fighting، Mosul’s thorough devastation is no less shocking for its predictability. Satellite imagery and photos on the ground show a city، which، even if it is successfully secured against re-occupation، is a long way from normalcy.
Further complicating matters are reports that the U.S.-led coalition is responsible for hundreds، if not thousands، of preventable civilian casualties in Mosul thanks to imprecise airstrike targeting and، since victory was declared، the emergence of deeply troubling videos showing U.S.-allied Iraqi troops torturing and killing captured men they believe—but do not know—to be ISIS militants. Even if their assumptions are correct، this is extrajudicial execution، a grave act by agents of a legitimate government. If they’re incorrect، if these men are innocent civilians caught in the wrong place at the wrong time، it’s murder، committed by soldiers the United States has trained، armed، and supported.
These killings highlight in microcosm the flawed assumption of simplicity at the heart of U.S. military intervention in the Middle East، now in its 16 th year. This is not the straightforward fight against terror three successive administrations have made it out to be. The United States is not making surgical strikes against extremism، rooting out sources of violence and instability while winning the hearts and minds of a grateful population. That may be a politically expedient story، but it is not a true one.
What passes for U.S. foreign policy is rather a mess of strategic incoherence with grievous consequences for innocent people. The United States has traded defense of our narrowly conceived national interests، for reckless intervention in other countries’ chaos، across the Atlantic and halfway around the globe. We have partnered with fighters whose ethics and allegiances are questionable at best and unintentionally armed our enemies. We have undermined our own values of freedom، individual rights، and responsible government. We have spent trillions on war and nation-building projects which have yet to produce any semblance of stability and show no promise of doing so in the foreseeable future. Fundamentally، we have spent a decade and a half applying a blunt، military solution to delicate، political problems which are typically not ours to address—or which are best primarily addressed with diplomacy، trade، and aid. This is a recipe for costly strategic failure، and the bipartisan Washington establishment has used it to bake American taxpayers a poisonous cake.
The challenge، now، is to stop eating it، to reorient U.S. foreign policy around a new strategic vision of prudence، humanity، and restraint. When the best efforts of the world’s strongest and most expensive military are “unable to accomplish…even a single real success anywhere in the Greater Middle East” after 16 years، notes military historian Ret. Col. Andrew Bacevich، we have to ask if it could be “that we’ve taken the wrong approach?” and “What should we be doing differently?”
The answer is Washington must stop attempting to resolve via military intervention this multi-sided conflict، a regional civil war our government has demonstrated it does not understand and cannot fix. Pacifying the Middle East is a job for the Middle East، and the United States must stop spilling blood and treasure attempting to take this role for which we are so evidently ill-suited. Maintaining our current course is not bringing the region any closer to stability (let alone peace)، nor is it fostering local self-responsibility or keeping American interests safe.