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Monday 21 August 2017

Tourism

Is there a hidden chamber in the Great Pyramid of Giza

Sunday 06/August/2017 - 06:50 PM
Sada El Balad
Edited by Ahmed Moamar
From the pyramids of Giza to the tombs of Luxor، Egypt's ancient monuments have held on to mysteries for thousands of years، as the Daily Mail said. 
Experts now believe they are on the brink of finding a hidden 'recess' in the Great Pyramid of Giza.
A project called ScanPyramids is using infrared thermography among other techniques to find out the secrets of this hidden chamber and date artefacts.
Also known as Khufu Pyramid، it stands at 479 feet (146 metres) high and was the world's tallest man-made structure for nearly 4،000 years.
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A project called ScanPyramids is using infrared thermography among other techniques to find out the secrets of this hidden chamber and date artefacts.
ScanPyramids is among the most ambitious of the projects to demystify the Khufu Pyramid near Cairo، which was completed in about 2560 BC. 
'All the devices we put in place are designed to find where the cavity is located. We know there is one، but we're trying to find out where،' said Mehdi Tayoubi، president of the HIP Institute heading the ScanPyramids project. 
It is the only surviving monument from the ancient Seven Wonders of the World. 
The 3D graphic shows the known structures inside the Khufu pyramid. The pyramid stands at 479 feet (146 metres) high and was the world's tallest man-made structure for nearly 4،000 years
Infrared thermography - Infrared detects infrared energy emitted from object، converts it to temperature، and displays an image of its temperature distribution to reveal objects that may be hidden.
3D scans with lasers - Lasers bounce narrow pulses of light off the interiors of a structure to map it in detail. Once the scanning is complete، the data can be combined into a highly detailed 3-D model.
Cosmic-ray detectors - This detects muons that are created when cosmic rays hit the atmosphere. Muons pass harmlessly through people and buildings. 
Muons traveling through rock or other dense material will slow and eventually stop. The idea is to catch the muons after theyve passed through an pyramid and measure their energies and trajectories. Researchers can then compile a 3D image that reveals hidden chambers.
Chemical testing still requires small samples، but advanced techniques coming into use are meant to be non-invasive so as not to damage the ancient relics. 
For more than 4،500 years، Egypt's pyramids have kept their secrets hidden deep within the labyrinth of passages and chambers that lie inside their towering stone structures.
But the long-running row over whether the Great Pyramid of Giza is hiding a network of previously undiscovered tunnels behind its stone walls has now been answered.
The researchers confirmed the find using cosmic particles known as muons to scan the Great Pyramid of Giza.
They used the scans to create maps to reveal the internal structure of the 479 feet (146m) high pyramid.
Last year thermal scanning identified a major anomaly in the Great Pyramid، the largest and oldest of the pyramids at Giza and one of the seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Those scans identified three adjacent stones at its base which registered higher temperatures than others.
Those scans identified three adjacent stones at its base which registered higher temperatures than others.
This led to theories that they may be hiding a secret chamber that had yet to be discovered.
A team of experts then set up the ScanPyramid's project to use muons، tiny subatomic particle that are typically produced by cosmic rays smash into atoms on Earth، to peer through the Pyramid's huge stone blocks، some of which weight up to 15 tons.
Dr Hawass has in the past been sceptical of the usefulness of conducting such scans.
He recently clashed publicly with British Egyptologists over their theory that a secret burial chamber may be hidden behind the walls of Tutankhamun's tomb in his pyramid in the Valley of the Kings.
Scan the Pyramid project uncovering secrets of Egypt's wonders
Some archaeologists have pinned hopes on using the sophisticated technology to locate the burial place of the legendary queen Nefertiti.
The wife of King Akhenaten، who initiated a monotheistic cult in ancient Egypt، queen Nefertiti remains an enigma، best known for a bust depicting her that is now on exhibition in Berlin's Neues Museum.
A British Egyptologist، Nicholas Reeves، believed her remains were hidden in a secret chamber in the tomb of Tutankhamun، in the southern Valley of the Kings.
In 2015، archaeologists scanned the tomb with radar hoping to find clues.

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