Today is Sunday، Aug. 13، the 225th day of 2017. There are 140 days left in the year.
Today's highlights in history:
1792 - French revolutionaries imprison France’s royal family.
On this day:
1624 - France’s King Louis XIII names Cardinal Richelieu as first minister. 1784 - Britain’s India Act places East India Company under government-appointed Board of Control. 1814 - Britain agrees to hand back all Dutch colonial possessions، including Indonesia. 1868 - Earthquakes in Peru and Ecuador kill 25،000 and damage property worth $300 million. 1898 - Carl Gustav Witt discovers 433 Eros، the first near-Earth asteroid to be found. 1898 - US forces capture Manila from Spain during the Spanish-American War. 1960 - The Central African Republic and Chad proclaim their independence from Franc. 1961 - East Germany closes the Brandenburg Gate to seal border between East and West Berlin. 1970 - Iraq and Syria reaffirm their opposition to Egyptian efforts to seek a peaceful solution to the Middle East crisis. 1980 - US President Jimmy Carter wins second term for presidency candidate. 1983 - The Indian government starts to erect a barbed-wire fence along the entire 2،500-mile (4،023km) border with Bangladesh. 1994 - Nato secretary-general Manfred Woemer dies after a long battle with cancer. 1995 - Norwegian hostage Hans Christian Ostroe is killed by Kashmir militants. 1999 - German tennis legend Steffi Graf retires from tennis. 2000 - Mika Hakkinen of Finland wins Hungarian Grand Prix. 2001 - Macedonia’s rival political leaders sign a landmark peace accord aimed at ending six months of bloody conflict. 2005 - Former New Zealand Prime Minister David Lange dies at the age of 63، oversaw a tumultuous time in the country’s history. 2008 - Lebanon’s newly chosen president Michel Sulaiman arrives in Syria on a landmark visit. 2011 - The 50th anniversary of the building of the Berlin Wall is marked. 2016 - Michael Phelps retires from swimming after winning 23rd Olympics gold medal.