Today in Thursday، the 264th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 101 days remaining until the end of the year
Today's highlights in history:
At least 204 people were dead as migrant boat sinks off Egypt Kafr al-Sheikh coast.
On this date:
1746 - French forces conquer Madras، India، after a brief siege. 1802 - Napoleon Bonaparte of France annexes Piedmont in Italy. 1841 - The London to Brighton railway line opens. 1860 - Anglo-French troops defeat Chinese at Pa-Li-Chau. 1896 - British force under Horatio Kitchener takes Dongola in the Sudan. 1898 - Tzu-Hsi، dowager Empress of China، seizes power and revokes reforms. 1931 - Britain goes off the gold standard. 1942 - The Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber make its first flight. 1949 - People’s Republic of China is proclaimed by its Communist leaders. 1972 - Ferdinand Marcos proclaims martial law in the Philippines and jails thousands of opponents. 1981 - Belize gains its independence from Great Britain. 1982 - Ameen Gemayel is elected president of Lebanon after his brother’s assassination. 1985 - Michael Spinks becomes the first light-heavyweight champion ever to win the heavyweight title after beating Larry Holmes. 1988 - Coup leader General San Maung is named Burma’s prime minister. 1993 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin dissolves parliament and calls for new elections. 1995 - Pakistan expels 13 Afghan diplomats in retaliation for a deadly attack on its embassy in Islamabad. 1998 - Sprint queen Florence Griffith-Joyner dies at the age of 38. 2003 - Nasa’s ageing Galileo spacecraft plunges into Jupiter’s turbulent atmosphere. 2008 - South African President Thabo Mbeki resigns. 2011 - The Iranian judiciary releases American hikers Shane Bauer and Josh Fattal، who was jailed for espionage and illegally crossing the border. 2014 - Afghanistan’s rival presidential candidates Ashraf Gani and Abdullah Abdullah sign a power share deal. 2015 - Hind Abdul Aziz Al Owais becomes the first Emirati to be named senior adviser at the United Nations headquarters.