Today in Sunday، the 323rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 42 days remaining until the end of the year.
Today's highlights in history:
636 – Muslims defeated the Sasanian Empire at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah in Iraq.
On this date:
1807 - France invades Portugal. 1862 - US President Abraham Lincoln delivers one of the most famous speeches in American history. 1867 - Tokugawa Yoshinobu، Japan’s last Shogun، resigns and returns his power to the Emperor. 1917 - Indira Gandhi، who later became prime minister of India، is born.
1924 - Sir Lee Stack، British Governor of Sudan، slain in Egypt. 1942 - Soviet troops counterattack at Stalingrad and surround German troops in Second World War. 1957 - Antonin Novotny is appointed President of Czechoslovakia. 1969 - Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean make man’s second landing on the moon. 1973 - Cambodian presidential palace in Phnom Penh is bombed، killing three people. 1977 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel on his first peace mission. 1979 – Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran. 1984 – San Juanico disaster: A series of explosions at the Pemex petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people. 1985 – Cold War: In Geneva، U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time. 1985 – Pennzoil wins a US$10.53 billion judgment against Texaco، in the largest civil verdict in the history of the United States، stemming from Texaco executing a contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned، yet still binding، buyout contract with Getty. 1985 – Police in Baling، Malaysia، lay siege to houses occupied by an Islamic sect of about 400 people led by Ibrahim Mahmud. 1988 – Serbian communist representative and future Serbian and Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević publicly declares that Serbia is under attack from Albanian separatists in Kosovo as well as internal treachery within Yugoslavia and a foreign conspiracy to destroy Serbia and Yugoslavia. 1994 – In the United Kingdom، the first National Lottery draw is held. A £1 ticket gave a one-in-14-million chance of correctly guessing the winning six out of 49 numbers. 1996 – Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire. 1998 – Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton. 1998 – Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for US$71.5 million. 1999 – Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft. 2002 – The Greek oil tanker Prestige splits in half and sinks off the coast of Galicia، releasing over 20 million US gallons (76،000 m³) of oil in the largest environmental disaster in Spanish and Portuguese history. 2004 – The Malice at the Palace: The worst brawl in NBA history، Ron Artest suspended 86 games (rest of season)، Stephen Jackson suspended 30 games 2010 – The first of four explosions takes place at the Pike River Mine in New Zealand; 29 people are killed in the nation's worst mining disaster since 1914. 2013 – A double suicide bombing at the Iranian embassy in Beirut kills 23 people and injures 160 others.