Today is Friday، the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 346 days remaining until the end of the year.
Today's highlight in history:
1899 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan، a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa، is formed.
On this date:
1938 - General Motors begins mass-producing lightweight diesel engines. 1945 - Soviet troops take Krakow، Poland during the Second World War. 1956 - Sudan joins Arab League as ninth member. 1966 - Indira Gandhi is elected the third Prime Minister of India. 1981 - United States and Iran sign an agreement paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months. 1986 - Yemeni President Ali Nasser Mohammad is ousted in a revolt. 1989 - Soviet Union announces it will unilaterally withdraw some of its short-range nuclear missiles from Europe. 1993 - Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations. 1996 - Chechen sympathizers who hijacked a Turkish ferry surrender، ending a four-day ordeal for more than 240 hostages. 1997 - A powerful car bomb explodes outside a cafe in downtown Algiers، killing at least 20 people hours after attackers massacred 36. 1998 - Peru and Ecuador agree on a timetable for a peace treaty to formally end their 1995 border war. 2002 - Sudanese government signs ceasefire agreement with rebels. 2006 - Nasa launches its New Horizons space probe to study the dwarf planet Pluto. 2007 - China launches a missile to destroy an ageing satellite، sparking space arms race fears. 2016 - A suicide bomber kills at least 10 people in a rush-hour attack on a market in Peshawar، Pakistan.