Egypt celebrates Orphan's Day، as a national day on the first Friday of April، since 2004. It was founded by Dar Al-Orman، Egypt’s largest charitable organization.
The Egyptian Stock Exchange (EGX) celebrated the Orphan’s Day، recognizing the importance of the business community engagement in promoting social responsibility as one of the most important tools for economic development.
The celebrations were held the presence of EGX head Mohamed Farid and Ali Gomaa، Egypt’s former Mufti and Chairman of the Board of Misr el-Kheir Foundation.
Farid said that the EGX’s celebration of the Orphan’s Day for the third year in a row confirms the exchange’s keenness on social responsibility as it considers it one of the main instruments to achieve economic development.
The EGX has launched a donations campaign، in which 15 EGX-listed companies participated.
Farid said on the sidelines of the celebration that the campaign garnered EGP 870،000 and that the EGX has donated EGP 250،000
Gomaa said that the EGX is a main platform for economic development and creating jobs، which will help improve the livelihoods of people.
He added that Misr el-Kheir Foundation is planning to launch five investment charity funds to finance projects in the fields of education and health.
In the framework of the celebrations، more than 600 children participated in the Ministry of the Interior celebrations، on the occasion of the orphan day، held in the Egyptian Police Academy، which included presentations، horse shows and gift distribution to bring joy to the children.
"We spend a nice day with the children and took care of them، because the state does not forget its children،" said deputy interior minister of the police academy، Major-General Ahmed al-Amry.
The academy annually celebrates the orphan day، and we wait for this day every year، Major-General Hisham Yahya، director of the police academy added.
Meanwhile، the Egyptian Textile Museum، headed by Director-General of the General Directorate، Dr. Ashraf Abu Al-Yazid، presented showcased a variety of shows to the orphaned children، on the occasion of Orphan's Day.
The celebrations، which were enjoyed by the children، included "The Balloon Show" for learning colors، DJ Service، a clown and a puppet show، the Children was also treated to a 3D cinema at Al Moez Street.
On the other hand، Cairo Governor، Atef Abdel Hamid has decided to open Cairo’s parks for free on Friday، for orphanages Children and NGOs، to draw joy on the faces of children، on the occasion of Orphan's Day.
The governor also called for the raising the state of prepared in the gardens، and to adding entertainment programs، and games to bring joy and joy to the hearts of orphans.
It is scheduled for a number of charities to organize celebrations in the gardens، including recreational activities and face painting for free for the children.
Noteworthy, UNICEF and global partners define an orphan as a child under 18 years of age who has lost one or both parents to any cause of death, according to unicef. By this definition, there were nearly 140 million orphans globally in 2015, including 61 million in Asia, 52 million in Africa, 10 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 7.3 million in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. This large figure represents not only children who have lost both parents, but also those who have lost a father but have a surviving mother or have lost their mother but have a surviving father.
Of the nearly 140 million children classified as orphans, 15.1 million have lost both parents. Evidence clearly shows that the vast majority of orphans are living with a surviving parent grandparent, or other family member. 95 per cent of all orphans are over the age of five.
This definition contrasts with concepts of orphan in many industrialized countries, where a child must have lost both parents to qualify as an orphan. UNICEF and numerous international organizations adopted the broader definition of orphan in the mid-1990s as the AIDS pandemic began leading to the death of millions of parents worldwide, leaving an ever increasing number of children growing up without one or more parents. So the terminology of a ‘single orphan’ – the loss of one parent – and a ‘double orphan’ – the loss of both parents – was born to convey this growing crisis. However, this difference in terminology can have concrete implications for policies and programming for children. For example, UNICEF’s ‘orphan’ statistic might be interpreted to mean that globally there are 140 million children in need of a new family, shelter, or care. This misunderstanding may then lead to responses that focus on providing care for individual children rather than supporting the families and communities that care for orphans and are in need of support.
In keeping with this and the agency’s commitment to adapt to the evolving realities of the AIDS crisis, UNICEF commissioned an analysis of population household surveys across 36 countries. Designed to compare current conditions of orphans and non-orphans, the global analysis suggests we should further expand our scope, focusing less on the concept of orphanhood and more on a range of factors that render children vulnerable. These factors include the family's ownership of property, the poverty level of the household, the child’s relationship to the head of the household, and the education level of the child’s parents, if they are living. In UNICEF’s experience, these are the elements that can help identify both children and their families – whether this term includes living parents, grandparents or other relatives – who have the greatest need for our support.
Another note of interest: The estimated number of total orphans increased from 1990-2001 where it peaked at 155.4 million. Since 2001, the estimated number of total orphans has declined consistently but very slowly – at a rate of only 0.7% per year during this period • 1990: 146 million • 1995: 151 million • 2000: 155 million • 2005: 153 million • 2010: 146 million • 2015: 140 million