Experts discovered the Bir Umm Tineiba site in the Eastern Desert، near the Red Sea، which may have contained evidence of how the first Pharaohs of Egypt could have created their empire، Daily star reported.
They located a tomb containing the remains of a woman، believed to be about 30، who was buried with Nile Valley ceramic vessels and shells from the Red Sea.
While there is nothing to suggest how she died، experts believe she was of a high social status based on her large burial mound that overlooked a main site where ancient inscriptions were made on walls.
Excavation teams found paintings and hieroglyphs، which depict several animals – mainly bulls، donkeys، giraffes and antelope.
The artwork also depicted religious symbolism of the time and art styles that were drawn from across ancient Egypt.
Dr John Darnell، director of the Yale University Egyptological Institute in Egypt، said the discoveries show how the different groups within Egypt had closer ties than previously thought.
He told Daily Star Online: “This is significant in showing the interconnections of the people who lived in the area، manning the desert roads.”
This era of Egyptian history – called the predynastic period – has fascinated researchers، as the main foundations that led to the period of Pharaohs and the construction of the ancient pyramids began in that period.
Dr Darnell said the carvings showed how easily the first rulers of Egypt would have expanded into distant parts of the country and maintained their immense power. He added: “Together with the tombs، we can see here not Egyptian from the Nile in the desert، or some purely desert oriented group، but an interesting and for the time rather cosmopolitan group of people.
“This is important in allowing us to see the mechanisms for the formation and expansion of what we can with some justification call the first major and expansive state for which we have good archaeological and writing evidence.”
The carvings were found almost one year after the burial tomb was first located، but has cemented the belief that cultures were closer than had originally been believed – despite being in the grip of different kingdoms. At that time three major powers ruled the lands that would eventually become Egypt.
It was during this predynastic period – also known as Dynasty 0 – that the key hallmarks of Ancient Egyptian culture emerged، including hieroglyphs and royal burial sites.
The first Pharaoh، Narmer، went on to unify the country in 3،150 BC – ushering in a culture that dominated the Middle East for thousands of years.