Google، today، marked the 971st birth anniversary of popular Persian mathematician، poet، philosopher، and astronomer Omar Khayyam with a doodle، the economic times reported.
Khayyam was born on May 18، 1048 in Nishapur in north-east Iran. He is popular for several mathematical and scientific discoveries. He was the first to provide a solution for cubic equations. He also provided geometric solutions for the same by the intersection of conics.
Khayyam's list of contributions also included a solar calendar near-precise 33-year intercalation cycle، known as the Jalali calendar. Jalali later became the base of many other calendars.
Besides mathematics and philosophy، Khayyam also contributed to Literature. His poetry and verses (also known as 'Rubáiyát') are popular even today. He wrote over a thousand verses. A section of his work، 'Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám'، translated by Edward Fitzgerald، gained immense popularity in the western nations after his death.
Khayyam، one of the most-renowned scholars of his time، also worked as a court astrologer and advisor of Malik Shah I in Khorasan province. One of his most-important contributions to algebra was the 'Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra'. He also founded a triangular array of binomial coefficients and the Pascal's triangle. Khayyam penned a book on music and algebra named 'Problems of Arithmetic'.
Khayyam passed away on December 04، 1131 at the age of 83. He was buried in the Khayyam Garden.