UN Chief Guterres Condemns ‘Extortionate’ Interest Rates Imposed on Debt-laden African Countries

7 days ago
UN Chief Guterres Condemns ‘Extortionate’ Interest Rates Imposed on Debt-laden African Countries

The United Nations chief voiced concern on Saturday over African countries being burdened by high interest rates imposed by the international financial system. In response, he announced the allocation of $250 million in crisis funding, particularly aimed at addressing the looming threat of famine across the continent.

During the opening ceremony of the annual African Union summit in Ethiopia, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres emphasized the urgent need for extensive reforms within the structure of international finance to better address the needs of developing countries.

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The UN will spend $250 million from its emergency fund, the largest ever allocation, to respond to several crises around the world, including helping communities at risk of famine in Africa, Guterres later told a news briefing.

The coronavirus pandemic pushed many poor countries into debt distress as they were expected to continue servicing their obligations in spite of the massive shock to their finances.

Public debt ratios in sub-Saharan Africa are at their highest in more than two decades, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said last year.

Governments on the continent, including Ethiopia, sought debt restructuring deals under an IMF programme to help them navigate the crisis, but conclusion of the process has been delayed.

Others, which have not sought to restructure their debt, like Kenya, have seen their debt sustainability indicators worsen after the pandemic hit their finances.

“African countries cannot… climb the development ladder with one hand tied behind their backs,” Guterres said.

Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed echoed the call.

“Nearly all of us want to put our economies back on a growth trajectory but this will not happen without sufficient restructuring to make our external debt sustainable,” he said.

The summit, which brings together leaders from the 55 African nations, is also focusing on deepening food and security crises on the continent.

Armed conflict from the Sahel to the Horn of Africa and the impacts of droughts and floods have driven ever more Africans from their homes.

Hunger, driven by the impact of the armed conflicts and also extreme weather that scientists have linked to climate change, has also worsened in several nations.

Somalia is on the verge of famine after five failed rainy seasons, with hundreds of thousands of people suffering catastrophic food shortages.

“We need to critically assess why one third of the hungry people in the world are in our continent,” Abiy said.

(Reuters)


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